# note 015 : Best of Vim Tips                                          current
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David Rayner (zzapper) 15 Years of Vi + 3 years of Vim and still learning 
21Sep04 : Last Update
  • zzapper's Tips Page ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ __BEGIN__ ------------------------------------------------------------------------------ # searching /joe/e : cursor set to End of match /joe/e+1 : cursor set to End of match plus 1 /joe/s-2 : cursor set to Start of match minus 2 /^joe.*fred.*bill/ : normal /^[A-J]\+/ : search for lines beginning with one or more A-J /begin\_.*end : search over possible multiple lines /fred\_s*joe/i : any whitespace including newline /fred\|joe : Search for FRED OR JOE /\([^0-9]\|^\)%.*% : Search for absence of a digit or beginning of line /.*fred\&.*joe : Search for FRED AND JOE in any ORDER! /\<fred\>/i : search for fred but not alfred or frederick /\<\d\d\d\d\> : Search for exactly 4 digit numbers /\D\d\d\d\d\D : Search for exactly 4 digit numbers /\<\d\{4}\> : same thing # finding empty lines /^\n\{3} : find 3 empty lines # Specify what you are NOT searching for (vowels) /\c\v([^aeiou]&\a){4} : search for 4 consecutive consanants # using rexexp memory in a search /\(fred\).*\(joe\).*\2.*\1 # Repeating the Regexp (rather than what the Regexp finds) /^\([^,]*,\)\{8} # visual searching :vmap // y/<C-R>"<CR> : search for visually highlighted text :vmap <silent> // y/<C-R>=escape(@", '\\/.*$^~[]')<CR><CR> : with spec chars # searching over multiple lines \_ means including newline /<!--\_p\{-}--> : search for multiple line comments /fred\_s*joe/i : any whitespace including newline /bugs\(\_.\)*bunny : bugs followed by bunny anywhere in file :h \_ : help # search for declaration of subroutine/function under cursor :nmap gx yiw/^\(sub\<bar>function\)\s\+<C-R>"<CR> # multiple file search :bufdo /searchstr :argdo /searchstr # How to search for a URL without backslashing ?http://www.vim.org/ : search BACKWARDS!!! clever huh! ---------------------------------------- #substitution :%s/fred/joe/igc : general substitute command :%s/\r//g : Delete DOS returns ^M # Is your Text File jumbled onto one line? use following :%s/\r/\r/g : Turn DOS returns ^M into real returns :%s= *$== : delete end of line blanks :%s= \+$== : Same thing :%s#\s*\r\?$## : Clean both trailing spaces AND DOS returns :%s#\s*\r*$## : same thing # deleting empty lines :%s/^\n\{3}// : delete blocks of 3 empty lines :%s/^\n\+/\r/ : compressing empty lines # IF YOU ONLY WANT TO KNOW ONE THING :'a,'bg/fred/s/dick/joe/igc : VERY USEFUL # duplicating columns :%s= [^ ]\+$=&&= : duplicate end column :%s= \f\+$=&&= : same thing :%s= \S\+$=&& : usually the same # memory :s/\(.*\):\(.*\)/\2 : \1/ : reverse fields separated by : :%s/^\(.*\)\n\1/\1$/ : delete duplicate lines # non-greedy matching \{-} :%s/^.\{-}pdf/new.pdf/ : delete to 1st pdf only # use of optional atom \? :%s#\<[zy]\?tbl_[a-z_]\+\>#\L&#gc : lowercase with optional leading characters # over possibly many lines :%s/<!--\_.\{-}-->// : delete possibly multi-line comments :help /\{-} : help non-greedy # substitute using a register :s/fred/<c-r>a/g : sub "fred" with contents of register "a" :s/fred/\=@a/g : better alternative as register not displayed # multiple commands on one line :%s/\f\+\.gif\>/\r&\r/g | v/\.gif$/d | %s/gif/jpg/ # ORing :%s/suck\|buck/loopy/gc : ORing (must break pipe) # Calling a VIM function :s/__date__/\=strftime("%c")/ : insert datestring # Working with Columns sub any str1 in col3 :%s:\(\(\w\+\s\+\)\{2}\)str1:\1str2: # Swapping first & last column (4 columns) :%s:\(\w\+\)\(.*\s\+\)\(\w\+\)$:\3\2\1: # filter all form elements into paste register :redir @*|sil exec 'g#<\(input\|select\|textarea\|/\=form\)\>#p'|redir END :nmap ,z :redir @*<Bar>sil exec 'g@<\(input\<Bar>select\<Bar>textarea\<Bar>/\=form\)\>@p'<Bar>redir END<CR> # increment numbers by 6 on certain lines only :g/loc\|function/s/\d/\=submatch(0)+6/ # better :%s#txtdev\zs\d#\=submatch(0)+1#g :h /\zs # increment only numbers gg\d\d by 6 (another way) :%s/\(gg\)\@<=\d\+/\=submatch(0)+6/ :h zero-width # find replacement text, put in memory, then use \zs to simplify substitute :%s/"\([^.]\+\).*\zsxx/\1/ # Pull word under cursor into LHS of a substitute :nmap <leader>z :%s#\<<c-r>=expand("<cword>")<cr>\># # Pull Visually Highlighted text into LHS of a substitute :vmap <leader>z :<C-U>%s/\<<c-r>*\>/ ---------------------------------------- # all following performing similar task, substitute within substitution # Multiple single character substitution in a portion of line only :%s,\(all/.*\)\@<=/,_,g : replace all / with _ AFTER "all/" # Same thing :s#all/\zs.*#\=substitute(submatch(0), '/', '_', 'g')# # Substitute by splitting line, then re-joining :s#all/#&^M#|s#/#_#g|-j! # Substitute inside substitute :%s/.*/\='cp '.submatch(0).' all/'.substitute(submatch(0),'/','_','g')/ ---------------------------------------- # global command display (see tip 227) :g/fred.*joe.*dick/ : display all lines fred,joe & dick :g/\<fred\>/ : display all lines fred but not freddy :g/<pattern>/z#.5 : display with context :g/<pattern>/z#.5|echo "==========" : display beautifully :g/^\s*$/d : delete all blank lines :g!/^dd/d : delete lines not containing string :v/^dd/d : delete lines not containing string :g/fred/,/joe/d : not line based (very powerfull) :g/{/ ,/}/- s/\n\+/\r/g : Delete empty lines but only between {...} :v/./.,/./-1join : compress empty lines :g/^$/,/./-j : compress empty lines :g/<input\|<form/p : ORing :g/^/pu _ : double space file (pu = put) :g/^/m0 : Reverse file (m = move) :g/fred/t$ : copy lines matching fred to EOF :g/stage/t'a : copy lines matching stage to marker a :%norm jdd : delete every other line # incrementing numbers (type <c-a> as 5 characters) :.,$g/^\d/exe "norm! \<c-a>": increment numbers :'a,'bg/\d\+/norm! ^A : increment numbers # storing glob results (note must use APPEND) :g/fred/y A : append all lines fred to register a :'a,'b g/^Error/ . w >> errors.txt # duplicate every line in a file wrap a print '' around each duplicate :g/./yank|put|-1s/'/"/g|s/.*/Print '&'/ # replace string with contents of a file, -d deletes the "mark" :g/^MARK$/r tmp.ex | -d ---------------------------------------- # Global combined with substitute (power editing) :'a,'bg/fred/s/joe/susan/gic : can use memory to extend matching :g/fred/,/joe/s/fred/joe/gic : non-line based (ultra) ---------------------------------------- # Find fred before beginning search for joe :/fred/;/joe/-2,/sid/+3s/sally/alley/gIC ---------------------------------------- # Absolutely essential ---------------------------------------- * # g* g# : find word under cursor (<cword>) (forwards/backwards) % : match brackets {}[]() . : repeat last modification matchit.vim : % now matches tags <tr><td><script> <?php etc <C-N><C-P> : word completion in insert mode <C-X><C-L> : Line complete SUPER USEFUL /<C-R><C-W> : Pull <cword> onto search/command line /<C-R><C-A> : Pull <CWORD> onto search/command line :set ignorecase : you nearly always want this :syntax on : colour syntax in Perl,HTML,PHP etc :h regexp<C-D> : type control-D and get a list all help topics containing regexp (plus use TAB to Step thru list) ---------------------------------------- # MAKE IT EASY TO UPDATE/RELOAD _vimrc :nmap ,s :source $VIM/_vimrc :nmap ,v :e $VIM/_vimrc ---------------------------------------- #VISUAL MODE (easy to add other HTML Tags) :vmap sb "zdi<b><C-R>z</b><ESC> : wrap <b></b> around VISUALLY selected Text :vmap st "zdi<?= <C-R>z ?><ESC> : wrap <?= ?> around VISUALLY selected Text ---------------------------------------- # Exploring :Exp(lore) : file explorer note capital Ex :Sex(plore) : file explorer in split window :ls : list of buffers :cd .. : move to parent directory :args : list of files :lcd %:p:h : change to directory of current file :autocmd BufEnter * lcd %:p:h : change to directory of current file automatically (put in _vimrc) ---------------------------------------- # Buffer Explorer (Top Ten Vim Script) # needs bufexplorer.vim http://www.vim.org/script.php?script_id=42 \be : buffer explorer list of buffers \bs : buffer explorer (split window) ---------------------------------------- # Changing Case guu : lowercase line gUU : uppercase line Vu : lowercase line VU : uppercase line g~~ : flip case line vEU : Upper Case Word vE~ : Flip Case Word ggguG : lowercase entire file # Titlise Visually Selected Text (map for .vimrc) vmap ,c :s/\<\(.\)\(\k*\)\>/\u\1\L\2/g<CR> # Uppercase first letter of sentences :%s/[.!?]\_s\+\a/\U&\E/g ---------------------------------------- gf : open file name under cursor (SUPER) ga : display hex,ascii value of char under cursor ggVGg? : rot13 whole file ggg?G : rot13 whole file (quicker for large file) :8 | normal VGg? : rot13 from line 8 :normal 10GVGg? : rot13 from line 8 <C-A>,<C-X> : increment,decrement number under cursor win32 users must remap CNTRL-A <C-R>=5*5 : insert 25 into text (mini-calculator) ---------------------------------------- # Makes all other tips superfluous :h 42 : also http://www.google.com/search?q=42 :h holy-grail :h! ---------------------------------------- # Markers & moving about '. : jump to last modification line (SUPER) `. : jump to exact spot in last modification line g; : cycle thru recent changes (oldest first) (new in vim6.3) g, : reverse direction (new in vim6.3) :changes :h changelist : help for above <C-O> : retrace your movements in file (starting from most recent) <C-I> : retrace your movements in file (reverse direction) :ju(mps) : list of your movements :help jump-motions :history : list of all your commands :his c : commandline history :his s : search history q/ : Search history Window q: : commandline history Window :<C-F> : history Window ---------------------------------------- # Abbreviations & maps :map <f7> :'a,'bw! c:/aaa/x :map <f8> :r c:/aaa/x :map <f11> :.w! c:/aaa/xr<CR> :map <f12> :r c:/aaa/xr<CR> :ab php : list of abbreviations beginning php :map , : list of maps beginning , # allow use of F10 for mapping (win32) set wak=no : :h winaltkeys # For use in Maps <CR> : carriage Return for maps <ESC> : Escape <LEADER> : normally \ <BAR> : | pipe <BACKSPACE> : backspace #display RGB colour under the cursor eg #445588 :nmap <leader>c :hi Normal guibg=#<c-r>=expand("<cword>")<cr><cr> ---------------------------------------- # Using a register as a map (preload registers in .vimrc) :let @m=":'a,'bs/" :let @s=":%!sort -u" ---------------------------------------- # List your Registers :reg : display contents of all registers :reg a : display content of individual registers "1p.... : retrieve numeric registers one by one :let @y='yy@"' : pre-loading registers (put in .vimrc) ---------------------------------------- # Useful tricks "ayy@a : execute "Vim command" in a text file yy@" : same thing using unnamed register u@. : execute command JUST typed in ---------------------------------------- # Get output from other commands (requires external programs) :r!ls.exe : reads in output of ls !!date : same thing (but replaces/filters current line) # Sorting with external sort :%!sort -u : use an external program to filter content :'a,'b!sort -u : use an external program to filter content !1} sort -u : sorts paragraph (note normal mode!!) ---------------------------------------- # Multiple Files Management (Essential) :bn : goto next buffer :bp : goto previous buffer :wn : save file and move to next (super) :wp : save file and move to previous :bd : remove file from buffer list (super) :bun : Buffer unload (remove window but not from list) :badd file.c : file from buffer list :b 3 : go to buffer 3 :b main : go to buffer with main in name eg main.c (ultra) :sav php.html : Save current file as php.html and "move" to php.html :sav! %<.bak : Save Current file to alternative extension :sav! %:r.cfm : Save Current file to alternative extension :e! : return to unmodified file :w c:/aaa/% : save file elsewhere :e # : edit alternative file :rew : return to beginning of editted files list (:args) :brew : buffer rewind :sp fred.txt : open fred.txt into a split :sball,:sb : Split all buffers (super) :scrollbind : in each split window :map <F5> :ls<CR>:e # : Pressing F5 lists all buffer, just type number :set hidden : Allows to change buffer w/o saving current buffer ---------------------------------------- # Quick jumping between splits map <C-J> <C-W>j<C-W>_ map <C-K> <C-W>k<C-W>_ ---------------------------------------- # Recording (BEST TIP of ALL) qq # record to q your complex series of commands q # end recording @q to execute @@ to Repeat 5@@ to Repeat 5 times # editing a register/recording "qp :display contents of register q (normal mode) <ctrl-R>q :display contents of register q (insert mode) # you can now see recording contents, edit as required "qdd :put changed contacts back into q @q :execute recording/register q # Operating a Recording on a Visual BLOCK 1) define recording/register qq:s/ to/ from/g^Mq 2) Define Visual BLOCK V} 3) hit : and the following appears :'<,'> 4)Complete as follows :'<,'>norm @q ---------------------------------------- # Visual is the newest and usually the BEST editting mode # Visual basics v : enter visual mode V : visual mode whole line <C-V> : enter VISUAL BLOCK mode gv : reselect last visual area o : navigate visual area "*y : yank visual area into paste buffer V% : visualise what you match V}J : Join Visual block (great) ---------------------------------------- # Delete first 2 characters of 10 successive lines 0<c-v>10j2ld ---------------------------------------- # how to copy a set of columns using VISUAL BLOCK # visual block (AKA columnwise selection) (NOT BY ordinary v command) <C-V> then select "column(s)" with motion commands (win32 <C-Q>) then c,d,y,r etc ---------------------------------------- # _vimrc essentials :set incsearch : jumps to search word as you type (annoying but excellent) :set wildignore=*.o,*.obj,*.bak,*.exe : tab complete now ignores these :set shiftwidth=3 : for shift/tabbing :set vb t_vb=". : set silent (no beep) :set browsedir=buffer : Maki GUI File Open use current directory ---------------------------------------- # launching Win IE :nmap ,f :update<CR>:silent !start c:\progra~1\intern~1\iexplore.exe file://%:p<CR> :nmap ,i :update<CR>: !start c:\progra~1\intern~1\iexplore.exe <cWORD><CR> ---------------------------------------- # FTPing from VIM cmap ,r :Nread ftp://209.51.134.122/public_html/index.html cmap ,w :Nwrite ftp://209.51.134.122/public_html/index.html gvim ftp://209.51.134.122/public_html/index.html ---------------------------------------- # appending to registers (use CAPITAL) # yank 5 lines into "a" then add a further 5 "a5yy 10j "A5yy ---------------------------------------- [I : show lines matching word under cursor <cword> (super) ---------------------------------------- # Conventional Shifting/Indenting :'a,'b>> # visual shifting (builtin-repeat) :vnoremap < <gv :vnoremap > >gv # Block shifting (magic) >i{ >a{ # also >% and <% ---------------------------------------- # Redirection & Paste register * :redir @* : redirect commands to paste buffer :redir END : end redirect :redir >> out.txt : redirect to a file # Working with Paste buffer "*yy : yank to paste "*p : insert from paste buffer # yank to paste buffer (ex mode) :'a,'by* : Yank range into paste :%y* : Yank whole buffer into paste # filter non-printable characters from the paste buffer # useful when pasting from some gui application :nmap <leader>p :let @* = substitute(@*,'[^[:print:]]','','g')<cr>"*p ---------------------------------------- # Re-Formatting text gq} : Format a paragraph ggVGgq : Reformat entire file Vgq : current line # break lines at 70 chars, if possible after a ; :s/.\{,69\};\s*\|.\{,69\}\s\+/&\r/g ---------------------------------------- # Operate command over multiple files :argdo %s/foo/bar/e : operate on all files in :args :bufdo %s/foo/bar/e :windo %s/foo/bar/e :argdo exe '%!sort'|w! : include an external command :bufdo /foo/ ---------------------------------------- # Command line tricks gvim -h : help ls | gvim - : edit a stream!! cat xx | gvim - -c "v/^\d\d\|^[3-9]/d " : filter a stream gvim -o file1 file2 : open into a split # execute one command after opening file gvim.exe -c "/main" joe.c : Open joe.c & jump to "main" # execute multiple command on a single file vim -c "%s/ABC/DEF/ge | update" file1.c # execute multiple command on a group of files vim -c "argdo %s/ABC/DEF/ge | update" *.c # remove blocks of text from a series of files vim -c "argdo /begin/+1,/end/-1g/^/d | update" *.c # Automate editting of a file (Ex commands in convert.vim) vim -s "convert.vim" file.c #load VIM without .vimrc and plugins (clean VIM) gvim -u NONE -U NONE -N # Access paste buffer contents (put in a script/batch file) gvim -c 'normal ggdG"*p' c:/aaa/xp # print paste contents to default printer gvim -c 's/^/\=@*/|hardcopy!|q!' ---------------------------------------- # GVIM Difference Function (Brilliant) gvim -d file1 file2 : vimdiff (compare differences) dp : "put" difference under cursor to other file do : "get" difference under cursor from other file ---------------------------------------- # Vim traps In regular expressions you must backslash + (match 1 or more) In regular expressions you must backslash | (or) In regular expressions you must backslash ( (group) In regular expressions you must backslash { (count) /fred\+/ : matches fred/freddy but not free /\(fred\)\{2,3}/ : note what you have to break ---------------------------------------- # \v or very magic (usually) reduces backslashing /codes\(\n\|\s\)*where : normal regexp /\vcodes(\n|\s)*where : very magic ---------------------------------------- # pulling objects onto command/search line (SUPER) <C-R><C-W> : pull word under the cursor into a command line or search <C-R><C-A> : pull WORD under the cursor into a command line or search <C-R>- : pull small register (also insert mode) <C-R>[0-9a-z] : pull named registers (also insert mode) <C-R>% : pull file name (also #) (also insert mode) ---------------------------------------- # manipulating registers :let @a=@_ : clear register a :let @a="" : clear register a :let @*=@a : copy register a to paste buffer map <f11> "qyy:let @q=@q."zzz" ---------------------------------------- # help for help :h quickref : VIM Quick Reference Sheet (ultra) :h tips : Vim's own Tips Help :h visual<C-D><tab> : obtain list of all visual help topics : Then use tab to step thru them :h ctrl<C-D> : list help of all control keys :helpg uganda : Help grep :h :r : help for :ex command :h CTRL-R : normal mode :h /\r : what's \r in a regexp (matches a <CR>) :h \\zs : double up backslash to find \zs in help :h i_CTRL-R : help for say <C-R> in insert mode :h c_CTRL-R : help for say <C-R> in command mode :h v_CTRL-V : visual mode :h tutor : VIM Tutor <C-[>, <C-T> : Move back & Forth in HELP History gvim -h : VIM Command Line Help ---------------------------------------- # where was an option set :scriptnames : list all plugins, _vimrcs loaded (super) :verbose set history? : reveals value of history and where set :function : list functions :func SearchCompl : List particular function ---------------------------------------- # making your own VIM help :helptags /vim/vim63/doc : rebuild all *.txt help files in /doc :help add-local-help ---------------------------------------- # running file thru an external program (eg php) map <f9> :w<CR>:!c:/php/php.exe %<CR> map <f2> :w<CR>:!perl -c %<CR> ---------------------------------------- # capturing output of current script in a separate buffer :new | r!perl # : opens new buffer,read other buffer :new! x.out | r!perl # : same with named file ---------------------------------------- # Inserting DOS Carriage Returns :%s/nubian/<C-V><C-M>&/g : that's what you type :%s/nubian/<C-Q><C-M>&/g : for Win32 :%s/nubian/^M&/g : what you'll see where ^M is ONE character :%s/nubian/\r&/g : better ---------------------------------------- # automatically delete trailing Dos-returns,whitespace autocmd BufRead * silent! %s/[\r \t]\+$// autocmd BufEnter *.php :%s/[ \t\r]\+$//e ---------------------------------------- # perform an action on a particular file or file type autocmd VimEnter c:/intranet/note011.txt normal! ggVGg? autocmd FileType *.pl exec('set fileformats=unix') ---------------------------------------- # Retrieving last command line command for copy & pasting into text i<c-r>: # Retrieving last Search Command for copy & pasting into text i<c-r>/ ---------------------------------------- # more completions <C-X><C-F> :insert name of a file in current directory ---------------------------------------- # Substituting a Visual area # select visual area as usual (:h visual) then type :s/Emacs/Vim/ etc :'<,'>s/Emacs/Vim/g : REMEMBER you dont type the '<.'> gv : Re-select the previous visual area (ULTRA) ---------------------------------------- # inserting line number into file :g/^/exec "s/^/".strpart(line(".")." ", 0, 4) :%s/^/\=strpart(line(".")." ", 0, 5) :%s/^/\=line('.'). ' ' ---------------------------------------- #numbering lines VIM way :set number : show line numbers :map <F12> :set number!<CR> : Show linenumbers flip-flop :%s/^/\=strpart(line('.')." ",0,&ts) #numbering lines (need Perl on PC) starting from arbitrary number :'a,'b!perl -pne 'BEGIN{$a=223} substr($_,2,0)=$a++' #Produce a list of numbers #Type in number on line say 223 in an empty file qqmnYP`n^Aq : in recording q repeat with @q # increment existing numbers to end of file (type <c-a> as 5 characters) :.,$g/^\d/exe "normal! \<c-a>" # advanced incrementing http://vim.sourceforge.net/tip_view.php?tip_id=150 ---------------------------------------- # advanced incrementing (really useful) " put following in _vimrc let g:I=0 function! INC(increment) let g:I =g:I + a:increment return g:I endfunction " eg create list starting from 223 incrementing by 5 between markers a,b :let I=223 :'a,'bs/^/\=INC(5)/ " create a map for INC cab viminc :let I=223 \| 'a,'bs/$/\=INC(5)/ ---------------------------------------- # editing/moving within current insert (Really useful) <C-U> : delete all entered <C-W> : delete last word <HOME><END> : beginning/end of line <C-LEFTARROW><C-RIGHTARROW> : jump one word backwards/forwards <C-X><C-E>,<C-X><C-Y> : scroll while staying put in insert ---------------------------------------- #encryption (use with care: DON'T FORGET your KEY) :X : you will be prompted for a key :h :X ---------------------------------------- # modeline (make a file readonly etc) must be in first/last 5 lines // vim:noai:ts=2:sw=4:readonly: # vim:ft=html: : says use HTML Syntax highlighting :h modeline ---------------------------------------- # Creating your own GUI Toolbar entry amenu Modeline.Insert\ a\ VIM\ modeline <Esc><Esc>ggOvim:ff=unix ts=4 ss=4<CR>vim60:fdm=marker<esc>gg ---------------------------------------- # A function to save word under cursor to a file function! SaveWord() normal yiw exe ':!echo '.@0.' >> word.txt' endfunction map ,p :call SaveWord() ---------------------------------------- # function to delete duplicate lines function! Del() if getline(".") == getline(line(".") - 1) norm dd endif endfunction :g/^/ call Del() ---------------------------------------- # Digraphs (non alpha-numerics) :digraphs : display table :h dig : help i<C-K>e' : enters i<C-V>233 : enters (Unix) i<C-Q>233 : enters (Win32) ga : View hex value of any character #Deleting non-ascii characters (some invisible) :%s/[<C-V>128-<C-V>255]//gi : where you have to type the Control-V :%s/[-]//gi : Should see a black square & a dotted y :%s/[<C-V>128-<C-V>255<C-V>01-<C-V>31]//gi : All pesky non-asciis :exec "norm /[\x00-\x1f\x80-\xff]/" : same thing #Pull a non-ascii character onto search bar yl/<C-R>" : ---------------------------------------- # All file completions grouped (for example main_c.c) :e main_<tab> : tab completes gf : open file under cursor (normal) main_<C-X><C-F> : include NAME of file in text (insert mode) ---------------------------------------- # Complex Vim # swap two words :%s/\<\(on\|off\)\>/\=strpart("offon", 3 * ("off" == submatch(0)), 3)/g # swap two words :vnoremap <C-X> <Esc>`.``gvP``P ---------------------------------------- # Convert Text File to HTML :runtime! syntax/2html.vim : convert txt to html :h 2html ---------------------------------------- # VIM has internal grep :grep some_keyword *.c : get list of all c-files containing keyword :cn : go to next occurrence ---------------------------------------- # Force Syntax coloring for a file that has no extension .pl :set syntax=perl # Remove syntax coloring (useful for all sorts of reasons) :set syntax off # change coloring scheme (any file in ~vim/vim??/colors) :colorscheme blue # Force HTML Syntax highlighting by using a modeline # vim:ft=html: ---------------------------------------- :set noma (non modifiable) : Prevents modifications :set ro (Read Only) : Protect a file from unintentional writes ---------------------------------------- # Sessions (Open a set of files) gvim file1.c file2.c lib/lib.h lib/lib2.h : load files for "session" :mksession : Make a Session file (default Session.vim) :q gvim -S Session.vim : Reload all files ---------------------------------------- #tags (jumping to subroutines/functions) taglist.vim : popular plugin :Tlist : display Tags (list of functions) <C-]> : jump to function under cursor ---------------------------------------- # columnise a csv file for display only as may crop wide columns :let width = 20 :let fill=' ' | while strlen(fill) < width | let fill=fill.fill | endwhile :%s/\([^;]*\);\=/\=strpart(submatch(1).fill, 0, width)/ge :%s/\s\+$//ge # Highlight a particular csv column (put in .vimrc) function! CSVH(x) execute 'match Keyword /^\([^,]*,\)\{'.a:x.'}\zs[^,]*/' execute 'normal ^'.a:x.'f,' endfunction command! -nargs=1 Csv :call CSVH(<args>) # call with :Csv 5 : highlight fith column ---------------------------------------- # folding : hide sections to allow easier comparisons zf} : fold paragraph using motion v}zf : fold paragraph using visual zf'a : fold to mark zo : open fold zc : re-close fold ---------------------------------------- # displaying "invisible characters" :set list :h listchars ---------------------------------------- # How to paste "normal commands" w/o entering insert mode :norm qqy$jq ---------------------------------------- # manipulating file names :h filename-modifiers : help :w % : write to current file name :w %:r.cfm : change file extention to .cfm :!echo %:p : full path & file name :!echo %:p:h : full path only <C-R>% : insert filename (insert mode) "%p : insert filename (normal mode) /<C-R>% : Search for file name in text ---------------------------------------- # delete without destroying default buffer contents "_d : what you've ALWAYS wanted "_dw : eg delete word (use blackhole) ---------------------------------------- # pull full path name into paste buffer for attachment to email etc nnoremap <F2> :let @*=expand("%:p")<cr> :unix nnoremap <F2> :let @*=substitute(expand("%:p"), "/", "\\", "g")<cr> :win32 ---------------------------------------- # Simple Shell script to rename files w/o leaving vim $ vim :r! ls *.c :%s/\(.*\).c/mv & \1.bla :w !sh :q! ---------------------------------------- # count words in a text file g<C-G> ---------------------------------------- # example of setting your own highlighting :syn match DoubleSpace " " :hi def DoubleSpace guibg=#e0e0e0 ---------------------------------------- # Programming keys depending on file type :autocmd bufenter *.tex map <F1> :!latex %<CR> :autocmd bufenter *.tex map <F2> :!xdvi -hush %<.dvi&<CR> ---------------------------------------- # reading Ms-Word documents, requires antiword :autocmd BufReadPre *.doc set ro :autocmd BufReadPre *.doc set hlsearch! :autocmd BufReadPost *.doc %!antiword "%" ---------------------------------------- # Just Another Vim Hacker JAVH vim -c ":%s%s*%Cyrnfr)fcbafbe[Oenz(Zbbyranne%|:%s)[[()])-)Ig|norm Vg?" ---------------------------------------- __END__ ---------------------------------------- If you liked these please return to www.vim.org and vote for this tip (It does encourage me!!) Tip 305 ---------------------------------------- Please email any errors, tips etc to david@rayninfo.co.uk ---------------------------------------- updated version at http://www.rayninfo.co.uk/vimtips.html ---------------------------------------- # Information Sources ---------------------------------------- www.vim.org comp.editors "VIM" newsgroup VIM Webring Vim Book Searchable VIM Doc VIM FAQ VimTips in Chinese ---------------------------------------- # : commands to neutralise < for HTML display and publish yy@" to execute following commands :w!|sav! vimtips.html|:/^__BEGIN__/,/^__END__/s#<#\<#g|:/tip[f]tp/|n :w!|!tipftp ----------------------------------------
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